» Amino Acids Supplements
Amino acids are critical to life, and have many functions in metabolism. One particularly important function is as the building blocks of proteins. Twenty-two amino acids are naturally incorporated into polypeptides and are called proteinogenic or standard amino acids, Ill think Ill call them Standard amino acids!
When taken up into the human body from the diet, the twenty two standard amino acids are used to synthesize proteins. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein; the body breaks consumed protein into amino acids in the stomach and intestines. There are nine essential amino acids that the body requires through food, the rest can be synthesized as the bodies needs them so long as the nine essential amino acids are present in the diet.
OK, but what do Amino Acids do?
Well, Amino acids are the building blocks of life and are essential to the human body. Bodybuilders can especially benefit from supplementing amino acids because they aid in repair, growth, and development of muscle tissue. BCAA’s and Glutamine are perhaps the most used specific amino acids by bodybuilders because of their effect on muscle tissue.
The BCAAs are among the nine essential amino acids for humans, accounting for 35% of the essential amino acids in muscle proteins. There are three branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs): leucine, isoleucine, and valine. Each has numerous benefits on various biological processes in the body. Unlike other amino acids, BCAAs are metabolised in the muscle and have an anabolic (muscle building) and anti-catabolic (muscle breakdown) effect on it.
Called a conditionally essential amino acid in the bodybuilding community because of its high content in muscle tissue and the effects it has in the body. Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid found in human muscle and is supplemented because the body's natural glutamine levels are depleted during anaerobic exercise. It is argued that bodybuilders should supplement with glutamine, as deficiency may lead to a weakened immune system and wasting of muscle tissue.
During intense exercise the body produces lactic acid for energy. The lactate is used up for energy and the hydrogen is left, dropping the pH in the muscle, causing a ‘burning’ fatigue. One of the amino acids that your body uses to counteract this acidosis caused by the lactic acid is the glutamine in your bloodstream. In order to replenish the loss of glutamine in the bloodstream, the body catabolises glutamine from the muscle; so supplementing with glutamine ensures there is always a constant supply for the muscles.
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